It is the direct descendant of the renaissance guitar. Its main difference in comparison with the modern acoustic guitar is the number of strings, wich can vary from four to up to seven double courses of strings.
Two different techniques can be used when playing the baroque guitar. "Rasgueado" (also called strumming), in which several strings are played with only one finger stroke and "Ponteado" (also called fingering), in which each string is played separately.
In Europe, the baroque guitar became the preference among the noble amateur musicians around the sixteenth century.
Watch the video below to learn more about the baroque guitar.