The saxophone is a wind instrument of the woodwind family but curiously unlike all other instruments of this family, it was never made of wood.
Made of brass it has a long tube with a curvature and it also uses a single reed. It isn't an orchestra instrument, but because of its mighty sound, it was adopted by military bands and in popular groups specially jazz bands.
The saxophone was invented in Belgium in 1840 by Adolphe Sax. There are 8 members of the sax family from the highest pitched (sopranino) to the deepest (sub-contrabass). In classical music it was made famous by Debussy in the Rapsodia for Saxofone and Orchestra; and by Mussorgsky in his work Pictures at an Exhibition, where it represents an old castle.
Watch the video to know about the saxophone!