The information presented in the website is intended to give a panoramic view of the instruments used in association with written music. We cover all instruments, from those used in orchestras to those used in popular music, from the 16th century until today. The contents presented here are originated mainly from the research developed by PhD in Historical Musicology Mayra Pereira, who, in her thesis, investigated the diverse aspects of the presence of music instruments in Rio de Janeiro during the colonial and imperial times.


Wind instruments emerged when primitive men started blowing bones and bamboos and found out they could emit similar sounds to the singing of birds. They are usually formed b a tube (pipe) and the sound is produced by the passage of air inside it. The larger and wider the pipe is, the lower is the sound it produces. Belonging to this family, we have the woodwinds, originally built in wood, and the brass instruments.



String musical instruments produce sound from one or more vibrating strings which are attached to the instrument's extremities. The thicker and longer the string is, deeper the sound produced. The number of strings varies considerably, going from one, such as the berimbau, to over forty, in the case of the harp.



Percussion instruments are struck (hit), shaken, scraped or rubbed to produce sound.



Keyboard instruments are musical instruments in which the sound is produced by playing a keyboard.